But also, the lighter the resulting color. Once those are gone, apply a gel stain or equalize the wood density with a washcoat. Avoid wood putty, as it does not hold stain the same way wood filler does. Make sure your pressure treated plywood is completely dry before sealing it. The use of plywood as an easy to install cladding material helped to keep costs (and environmental impact) to a minimum. If you must sand the plywood, lightly scuff the surface with 120-grit sandpaper. However, left without a finish, the wood can quickly weather away. Pick one and go with it. Subscribe Â». In general, gel or heavy-bodied stains work best. Once you’re satisfied with the color, you can wipe the wood with a tack cloth again and. Wipe it off to leave an even layer. Never mix the two. For those looking to DIY their wood stairs, knowing how to stain wood stair railing or treads is going to be handy knowledge to ensure the job is done well and done right to increase the overall look of the wood stairs. This is something Iâve written about many times. Sandpaper with a lower grit number will make wood rougher, allowing more stain to absorb and create a darker color. Brushing will leave brush marks, and brushing back and forth will have an effect similar to wiping off the excess. The only sanding you have left to do is at the very end, once all the staining is done and you’ve applied a finish. The best way to stain wood is to prepare the wood surface by sanding it with a sanding block or orbital sander. Confused yet? Okay, I know I said there’s no sanding involved but it IS a good idea to do a very light … It took a few weeks to decide whether to re-stain them or just paint the stairs. If any moisture comes up and around the nail at all, you need to let the wood dry longer. Sand the entire plywood surface with 100-grit sandpaper. Achieve rich, warm color without blotching in 4 easy steps. However, this does not impact our recommendations. Generally speaking, here are the main characteristics of each: Many first timers opt for water based stains because of their easy application and clean up. Without it, your stain may appear blotchy or uneven when your project is finished. Soak up a small amount of stain with a scrap cloth or chisel-tipped brush and transfer it to the piece. The product sold as “wood conditioner” is a washcoat. Step 3. I’d love to update it with fresh paint and new hardware, but I’ve heard that you can’t get good results painting over stain. Hardwoods such as oak, cherry, maple, mahogany, and birch are not typically found in cheap plywoods, but make for great pieces of wood for fine woodworking and furniture making. Or, you might be alright with a lighter colored final result. Start with 120-grit sandpaper on refinished pieces. We were thinking of sanding both the flat and riser of the stair and possibly staining the flat, and painting the riser. Unless the wood is entirely new, you’ll need to clean the surface free of dirt or mildew before finishing, so the wood stain doesn’t trap any imperfections. What if itâs too late; the project is already built? The blue stuff is the carpet padding (yours … Wipe the veneer surface down with a tack cloth. Here are the general characteristics of liquid and gel stains: To sum it up, many beginners prefer to start with a liquid stain because it very easy to brush on and wipe off. This is pine, not birch. Use a brush to apply stain with the grain of the wood in even strokes. Next stain choice: each of these come in either liquid or gel form. Pro tip: Some types of stain perform better than others on blotch-prone wood. Your DIY home improvement project may require the use of stained plywood. If there are a lot of nooks, crannies, and angles, then sanding the wood down can take awhile. â Simple Woodworking Projects. Ready to refinish those tired old stairs? The poly is what takes longer and depending on what the … See more ideas about flooring, home diy, home improvement. These plywood surfaces should be sanded lightly using a 220 grit sandpaper. And, with the right steps, you can stain the plywood for a gorgeous, finished look. The wood treads were ready for staining when the stairs were completely smooth to the touch. The usual solution is to apply a washcoat before staining. To save time, it’s best to start off with Grade A plywood. Compared to hardwood, softwood ply can sometimes stain unevenly. You must work quickly with this method to avoid having it dry with a blotchy finish. So many home DIY projects involve the use of this type of wood, and in order to give it a finished look, most turn to stain. An expert at home repair, remodel, and DIY projects for nearly 40 years. Though it’s troublesome to stain this one, some normal tips can work well for you. SawsHub.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Apply Stain. Check out the video series on Refinishing Wood Stairs. Most sheets of plywood are different grades on each side. Smooth and hardwood plywood are made with a veneer that disguises the crossbands of woodchip underneath. Do not sand between coats of stain. If you’re using softwood plywood, the next step is to repair your wood, to the degree you feel necessary. Let the first coat dry. As a matter of fact, one of the main reasons for selecting these types of hard plywood is because you appreciate the look of the wood’s exterior. Home » Uncategorized » How to Select, Stain, and Finish Plywood for Woodworking Projects. Water base stains for birch plywood can give you some of the best results possible, particularly when used in combination with pre-stain conditioner designed to be used with it. If you’re using a gel stain, instead apply the... Let the first coat dry. This letter grade is uniformly given throughout the industry, and ranges from A (the highest quality construction grade) to D (the lowest quality). For the face of the stairs we cut 1/4 inch smooth plywood (I think it was birch) and cut each piece to fit exactly. For those interested in how to finish plywood, we put together this guide on how to stain plywood. Stain can be applied with a bristle brush, a foam brush, or a cloth. When I last wrote, I shared how we removed the carpet from the stairs and prepped for staining the stairs. If your plywood has dents, holes, or splits, you can use a stainable wood filler to fill the gaps in. Be sure to select a wood filler that is both stainable and sandable. You won’t want to add stain to a plywood surface that hasn’t been sanded. light scuff. So, in general, you get a lighter but more consistent staining result. Next, wipe the wood down with a rag soaked in mineral spirits. The process for staining oak plywood and other hardwoods is the same as the process for staining regular plywood, with one or two small exceptions. Decide which amount of wood stain sealer gives you the desired look. If it is just a big sheet of plywood, then the process will be relatively easy. These hardwoods accept stain very well, and don’t benefit much from the use of a sealer. While it can seem arduous to do the leg work involved in filling and sanding, the finished product will look a lot better as a result. https://www.popularwoodworking.com/wp-content/uploads/popwood_logos-01.png, Shaker Storage & Shelving Shop Resources Collection, Â© 2020 Cruz Bay Publishing, Inc. All rights reserved, Making a Seat at the Table: Heidi Earnshaw, Making a Seat at the Table: Kate Davidson, Free Woodworking Downloads From Lee Valley, I Can Do That! If you choose to use a powered orbital sander for this light sanding, be very careful that you do not sand through the thin, outer layer of the plywood. . The higher the ratio of finish to thinner the better it blocks stain penetration into the swirly grain of birch and the less the blotching. While faster and easier, you have a lot less control of the finished product. Softwood, on the other hand, comes with a letter grade as a part of the plywood’s grading system. If so, lightly sand over the surface by hand with 400 grit sandpaper. As you are doing this, use a soft cloth to wipe up any stain that pools up on the wood. The manufacturer will probably have made some repairs, but you might want to add your own as well. This means that you might find a sheet of ply that is Grade B on one side and Grade D on the other. Learn how to strip and sand your wood floors. Bob Flexner is the author of "Flexner on Finishing," "Wood Finishing 101," and "Understanding Wood Finishing.". You can use this for a lot of your wood-specific home improvement projects. The stain dries pretty quickly and you can walk on new stain by the end of the day or after about 4 – 6 hours. After sanding, wipe all surfaces with mineral spirits and inspect for scratches or sander swirls. The higher the ratio of finish to thinner the better it blocks stain penetration into … Apply a solvent-based primer to the plywood veneer, using long, even strokes with your paintbrush. When staining Baltic Birch plywood with Minmax, I kept running into the problem of not knowing which color was Sedona Red and which color was Red Mahagony. Begin spreading the stain across the surface of the wood in eccentric circles or back and forth using smooth strokes. Allow it to dry before staining. Unseasonably warm weather convinced me to try re-staining them and I’m super happy with how they’re looking. Using a lint-free rag, dip it into the can of stain and begin applying it to the wood. For a liquid stain, apply the first coat, using long and even strokes. With a water based stain, the drying time is typically only a few hours. Step 2. Staining Birch Plywood: Is It Possible To Avoid Blotching? Get the Plywood Ready. Here are some supplies and tools we find essential in our everyday work around the shop. If you have plywood that is already stained, you can add stain over top of this. Blot the stain onto the surface of the wood. When staining these hard woods, you don’t need to add any wood filler to their surface because they are generally without blemish. How to Stain and Finish Plywood Step 1. This will ensure you have the right finished look. Wood stains are probably most commonly used on pine boards and plywood. This can take up to several months. Gel stain is particularly forgiving with splotch-prone woods like birch, cherry, maple, and pine. This will help the veneer to stain … Wood stains come in two types: water based stain and oil based stain. Your paintbrush smooth and hardwood plywood are different grades on each side plywood floors '' on Pinterest, the with... The next step is essential to an even application of stain darker than the stain you are is. I ’ m super happy with how they ’ re purchasing the plywood, we may receive a when! With them benefit much from the sanding process sealer container to ensure its.... Sure to Select the better side for your woodworking project cloth to wipe wood... 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